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| Last Updated:: 12/02/2016

Drinking Water

 Drinking Water

 

Principal sources

An estimated 52% of rural households were served by tube well/hand pump, while an estimated 13% and an estimated 30% were served by well and tap, respectively. About 70% and 21% of urban households reported being served by tap and tube well/ hand pump, respectively.

Distance of drinking water from principal source: About 35% of rural and 71% of urban households reported their principal source of drinking water to be within their premises. Further, about 21% and 42% households in rural and urban areas respectively were near the premises from their principal source of drinking water.

The proportion of households having access in their principal source of drinking water away from their premises was estimated to be much higher in rural areas than in urban areas, the estimates being 8% for urban areas and 22% for rural areas.

 

 

Table 1: Percentage distribution of households by principal source of drinking water during 2011

 

Source of drinking water

% Of households in

Rural

Urban

Tap

30.8

70.6

Well

13.3

6.2

Hand Pump/ Tube well

51.9

20.8

Tap water (Treated)

17.9

62.0

Tap Water(untreated)

13.0

8.6

Well (Covered)

1.5

1.7

Well (Un covered)

11.8

4.5

Other

4.0

2.5

Source :Census of India-2011
(
http://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/hlo/Data_sheet/India/Drinking_Water.pdf)

 

 

Supplementary sources

About 18% of the households, in both rural and urban areas, reported using some supplementary source of drinking water.

Among households reporting use of some supplementary source of drinking water, tubewell/handpump was the most frequently reported source (52% in rural and 21% in urban areas), followed by well (13% in rural and 6% in urban areas).

 
 

State Code

India/
State/
Union Territory #

Distribution of households by availability of drinking water facility

Total No. of Households (Excluding institutional households)

Tap water

Well

Handpump

Total

From treated source

From un-treated source

Total

Covered well

Un-covered well

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

00

INDIA

246,692,667

43.5

32.0

11.6

11.0

1.6

9.4

33.5

01

Jammu & Kashmir

2,015,088

63.9

34.7

29.2

6.5

1.9

4.7

11.4

02

Himachal Pradesh

1,476,581

89.5

83.9

5.6

2.9

1.6

1.3

3.6

03

Punjab

5,409,699

51.0

41.1

9.9

0.5

0.2

0.2

24.7

04

Chandigarh #

235,061

96.7

93.7

3.0

0.1

0.1

0.0

1.8

05

Uttarakhand

1,997,068

68.2

53.9

14.3

1.1

0.7

0.4

22.0

06

Haryana

4,717,954

68.8

55.9

12.9

3.0

0.7

2.3

12.0

07

NCT of Delhi#

3,340,538

81.3

75.2

6.1

0.1

0.1

0.0

5.3

08

Rajasthan

12,581,303

40.6

32.0

8.5

10.8

1.2

9.6

25.3

09

Uttar Pradesh

32,924,266

27.3

20.2

7.1

4.0

0.6

3.4

64.9

10

Bihar

18,940,629

4.4

3.1

1.3

4.3

0.7

3.7

86.6

11

Sikkim

128,131

85.3

29.2

56.1

0.6

0.5

0.2

0.0

12

Arunachal Pradesh

261,614

65.5

26.4

39.1

5.7

1.4

4.3

10.7

13

Nagaland

399,965

47.2

6.1

41.1

25.7

6.6

19.1

2.2

14

Manipur

507,152

38.6

25.6

13.0

7.5

2.8

4.7

6.5

15

Mizoram

221,077

58.7

39.4

19.3

4.7

2.0

2.7

0.8

16

Tripura

842,781

33.2

20.3

12.9

27.4

2.9

24.5

18.1

17

Meghalaya

538,299

39.3

27.8

11.5

25.4

6.9

18.5

2.8

18

Assam

6,367,295

10.5

9.2

1.3

18.9

1.7

17.2

50.2

19

West Bengal

20,067,299

25.4

21.0

4.4

6.0

0.7

5.4

50.1

20

Jharkhand

6,181,607

12.9

10.0

2.9

36.5

1.9

34.6

43.8

21

Odisha

9,661,085

13.8

10.0

3.9

19.5

2.2

17.3

41.5

22

Chhattisgarh

5,622,850

20.7

12.3

8.4

11.4

0.8

10.6

58.4

23

Madhya Pradesh

14,967,597

23.4

16.5

6.9

20.0

1.1

18.9

47.1

24

Gujarat

12,181,718

69.0

39.9

29.2

7.1

2.3

4.8

11.6

25

Daman & Diu#

60,381

75.2

54.6

20.6

0.7

0.5

0.2

5.5

26

Dadra & Nagar Haveli#

73,063

46.5

26.0

20.5

7.2

1.5

5.7

24.5

27

Maharashtra

23,830,580

67.9

56.3

11.6

14.4

2.2

12.2

9.9

28

Andhra Pradesh

21,024,534

69.9

49.0

20.9

6.4

0.5

5.9

13.7

29

Karnataka

13,179,911

66.1

41.2

24.8

9.0

1.0

8.0

5.5

30

Goa

322,813

85.4

82.1

3.4

11.1

4.0

7.1

0.1

31

Lakshadweep#

10,703

20.3

9.1

11.1

71.7

6.9

64.9

2.5

32

Kerala

7,716,370

29.3

23.4

6.0

62.0

14.6

47.4

0.5

33

Tamil Nadu

18,493,003

79.8

55.8

24.0

5.1

1.2

3.8

4.6

34

Puducherry #

301,276

95.3

90.8

4.5

1.9

0.1

1.8

1.2

35

A & N Islands  #

93,376

85.0

68.9

16.2

7.3

0.7

6.6

0.0

 

 

 

 

Tabel continue

 

 

 

 

State Code

India/
State/
Union Territory #

Distribution of households by availability of drinking water facility

Availability of Drinking Water Source

Tubewell

Spring

River, Canal

Tank, Pond, Lake

Any other source

 

Within the premises

Near the premises

Away

1

2

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

00

INDIA

8.5

0.5

0.6

0.8

1.5

46.6

35.8

17.6

01

Jammu & Kashmir

1.5

6.2

6.7

0.7

3.1

48.2

28.7

23.1

02

Himachal Pradesh

0.7

0.7

0.3

0.5

1.9

55.5

35.0

9.5

03

Punjab

21.9

0.0

0.2

0.1

1.7

85.9

10.0

4.1

04

Chandigarh #

0.9

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.5

86.2

11.7

2.2

05

Uttarakhand

2.0

1.1

0.9

0.7

4.0

58.3

26.6

15.2

06

Haryana

12.9

0.0

0.3

0.9

1.9

66.5

21.4

12.1

07

NCT of Delhi#

8.4

0.0

0.0

1.2

3.6

78.4

15.4

6.2

08

Rajasthan

12.2

0.1

0.8

5.9

4.3

35.0

39.0

25.9

09

Uttar Pradesh

2.9

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.7

51.9

36.0

12.1

10

Bihar

3.0

0.0

0.2

0.1

1.4

50.1

37.9

12.0

11

Sikkim

0.0

11.1

0.4

0.6

2.0

52.6

29.7

17.7

12

Arunachal Pradesh

2.4

5.7

6.0

0.9

3.2

41.1

37.4

21.6

13

Nagaland

4.5

5.6

2.0

10.3

2.7

29.3

42.4

28.3

14

Manipur

0.4

5.6

15.0

23.2

3.4

16.1

46.2

37.8

15

Mizoram

0.9

18.4

7.7

1.8

6.9

31.2

46.7

22.2

16

Tripura

16.3

1.9

1.8

0.5

0.9

37.1

30.5

32.4

17

Meghalaya

2.6

19.0

2.6

5.7

2.6

24.1

43.2

32.7

18

Assam

9.2

1.3

3.4

4.6

2.0

54.8

26.7

18.5

19

West Bengal

16.7

0.5

0.3

0.2

0.8

38.6

34.7<