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| Last Updated:: 12/02/2016

Waste Managemnt

 

 

A.   MICRO ENVIRONMENT

The environment in which members of household live is very important in maintaining their health and hygiene. It is also very important for maintaining environmental balance and overall cleanliness of the household’s surroundings. In this section, three main aspects, viz. drainage arrangement, garbage disposal system and availability of direct opening to roads are discussed.

 

Proper drainage arrangement meant a system of easy carrying -off waste water and liquid waste of the house without any overflow or seepage. This is an essential requirement for maintaining hygienic condition surrounding the house. In this survey, for households living in a house, it was ascertained whether the household had any drainage system or not. And if a household had some drainage system, then it was ascertained whether the drainage system was

underground or covered pucca or open pucca or open katcha.

 

Table 1: Some Key Indicators of households on
micro environment during 2012

 

number per 1000 households with

State/UT

improved

drainage

facility

garbage

disposal

arrangement

no direct

opening to

road*

(1)

 (2)

 (3)

 (4)

Rural

Andhra Pradesh

422

502

59

Arunachal Pradesh

112

353

419

Assam

41

275

61

Bihar

206

128

201

Chhattisgarh

182

639

137

Delhi

913

775

0

Goa

550

395

60

Gujarat

261

496

171

Haryana

817

760

46

Himachal Pradesh

240

227

275

Jammu & Kashmir

342

185

367

Jharkhand

110

141

206

Karnataka

433

569

93

Kerala

413

123

144

Madhya Pradesh

197

215

134

Maharashtra

430

549

158

Manipur

100

661

127

Meghalaya

179

206

163

 

 

 

 

Mizoram

48

439

116

Nagaland

288

767

74

Odisha

91

163

129

Punjab

793

289

22

Rajasthan

222

285

204

Sikkim

374

119

464

Tamil Nadu

290

363

76

Tripura

12

71

49

Uttarakhand

425

262

276

Uttar Pradesh

495

276

187

West Bengal

87

112

160

A & Nicobar Is.

241

306

222

Chandigarh

954

976

16

D & Nagar Haveli

181

186

260

Daman & Diu

598

225

256

Lakshadweep

322

564

644

Puducherry

279

594

0

all-India (2012)

317

320

146

all-India (2008-09)

245

243

177

         

*: includes road/lane/constructed path

 

 

Table 2: Some Key Indicators of households on
micro environment during 2012

 

number per 1000 households with

State/UT

improved

drainage

facility

garbage

disposal

arrangement

no direct

opening to

road*

(1)

 (2)

 (3)

 (4)

Urban

Andhra Pradesh

903

903

8

Arunachal Pradesh

685

646

41

Assam

519

631

23

Bihar

644

335

172

Chhattisgarh

613

551

75

Delhi

964

926

38

Goa

663

438

180

Gujarat

873

834

36

Haryana

949

862

33

Himachal Pradesh

708

661

83

Jammu & Kashmir

815

664

62

Jharkhand

623

402

48

Karnataka

896

862

45

Kerala

644

243

70

Madhya Pradesh

818

683

51

Maharashtra

892

908

93

Manipur

288

826

80

Meghalaya

704

834

39

Mizoram

485

775

120

Nagaland

689

948

60

Odisha

682

630

55

Punjab

890

694

3

Rajasthan

796

615

47

Sikkim

936

856

186

Tamil Nadu

796

834

17

Tripura

353

311

2

Uttarakhand

890

912

55

Uttar Pradesh

899

681

63

West Bengal

648

681

61

A & Nicobar Is.

813

803

73

Chandigarh

833

967

19

D & Nagar Haveli

465

221

254

Daman & Diu

978

343

115

Lakshadweep

621

560

0

Puducherry

864

799

7

all-India (2012)

825

758

50

all-India (2008-09)

794

786

55

* includes road/lane/constructed path


Table 1 and Table 2 shows number per 1000 households with improved drainage facility for rural and urban areas respectively, where ‘improved drainage’ includes the drainage systems like ‘underground’, ‘covered pucca’ and ‘open pucca’. The table shows that in rural Indi a and urban India 31.7 percent and 82.5 percent households respectively had ‘improved drainage’ facility during 2012. From the estimates across rural areas of bigger states, it is observed that Haryana had the highest (81.7 percent) and Assam, the lowest (4.1 percent) proportion of households with ‘improved drainage’ facility. The proportion was also seen to be low in states like West Bengal (8.7 percent) and Odisha (9.1 percent). Similarly among urban areas of all bigger states, Delhi had the highest (96.4 percent) proportion of households with ‘improved drainage’ facility. It is observed that this proportion was low for most of the Northeastern states.

 

Another important aspect is the garbage collection system. This is an arrangement to carry away the refuse and waste of households to some dumping place away from the residential areas. Table 1 and Table 2 shows number per 1000 households with garbage disposal arrangement in the rural and urban India respectively. The tables show that in rural India and urban India 32.0 percent and 75.8 percent households respectively had some garbage disposal arrangement during 2012. In rural areas of bigger states, Haryana had the highest (76.0 percent) and West Bengal had the lowest (11.2 percent) proportion of households with garbage disposal arrangement. Similarly among urban areas of bigger states, Uttarakhand had the highest (91.2 percent) and Kerala, the lowest (24.3 percent) proportion of households with garbage disposal arrangement.

 Source: http://mospi.nic.in/mospi_new/upload/kye_indi_of_water_Sanitation69rou_24dec13.pdf  

[NSS KI (69/I.2):- Key indicator of Drinking water, Sanitation, hygiene and housing condition in India. (NSS Report) ]