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| Last Updated:: 30/06/2016

Energy

 

    ENERGY

 

Development of economies has seen concomitant increase in energy use across the world, with the pace being faster in the Asian economies like China which joined the wagon later. The demand for energy has also been spurred by burgeoning population in these economies (growth in population in developed economies has slowed down) as not only more people use more energy but also due to increased per capita energy consumption , as individuals aspire for improved standards of living.



PRODUCTION, AVAILABILITY AND CONSUMPTION OF PRIMARY SOURCES OF CONVENTIONAL ENERGY
To meet the demand, non conventional sources of energy like nuclear energy and environmental friendly renewable sources of energy have also gained currency. The region wise and fuel wise growth in energy supply and consumption is summarized as under.

The total production of energy from conventional sources decreased from 13409.47 Peta joules during 2012-13 to 13400.15 Peta joules during 2013-14, showing a decrease of 0.07%. The production of energy in Peta joules by primary sources shows that Coal and Lignite were the major sources of energy, accounting for about 73.48% of the total production during 2013-14. Crude Petroleum was second (11.81%), while Natural Gas (10.18%) was third. 
 

Table 16.2 : PRODUCTION, AVAILABILITY AND CONSUMPTION OF PRIMARY SOURCES OF  CONVENTIONAL ENERGY

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch16.html




 

 

 

 

PRODUCTION OF COAL, COAL DERIVATIVES & COAL BY-PRODUCTS

Coal production in the country during the year 2013-14 was 565.77 million tons (MTs) as compared to 556.40 MTs during 2012-13, registering a growth of 1.68%. It is observed that coal production in India was about 407.04 MTs during 2005-06, which increased to 565.77 MTs during 2013-14 with a CAGR of 3.73%.  

Table 16.3 : PRODUCTION OF COAL, COAL DERIVATIVES & COAL  BY-PRODUCTS

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch16.html






CONSUMPTION OF RAW COAL BY DIFFERENT INDUSTRIES

The estimated total consumption of raw coal by industry has increased from 407.04 MTs during 2005-06 to 571.89 MTs during 2013-14 with a CAGR of 3.85%. The annual growth rate from 2012-13 to 2013-14 is 0.76%. Electricity generation is the biggest consumer of coal, followed by steel industries. Industry-wise estimates of consumption of coal shows that during 2013-14 electricity generating units consumed 427.23 MTs of coal, followed by steel & washery industries (23.13 MTs), cement industries(11.96 MTs) and paper industries (1.67 MTs).

Table 16.4 : CONSUMPTION OF RAW COAL BY DIFFERENT INDUSTRIES   


Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch16.html



 

 

 

DOMESTIC PRODUCTION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
Production of crude petroleum increased from 32.19 MTs during 2005-06 to 37.79 MTs during 2013-14, a CAGR of about 1.80%. Although more than 70% of its crude oil requirements and part of the petroleum products is met from imports, India has developed sufficient processing capacity over the years to produce different petroleum products so as to become a net exporter of petroleum products. The export of petroleum product has increased from 23.46 MT during 2005-06 to 67.86 MTs during 2013-14. During 2013-14 exports recorded an increase of 7.02% from previous year. The import of petroleum products has increased from 13.44 MT in 2005-06 to 16.72 MT during 2013-14, although there are some fluctuations in the trend.    

Table 16.5 : DOMESTIC PRODUCTION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch16.html






CONSUMPTION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

The total production of energy from conventional sources decreased from 13409.47 Peta joules during 2012-13 to 13400.15 Peta joules during 2013-14, showing a decrease of 0.07%. Crude Petroleum was second (11.81%).

Table 16.6 : CONSUMPTION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS       

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch16.html






CONSUMPTION OF SELECTED PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

High speed diesel oil accounted for 38.83% of total consumption of all types of petroleum products in 2013-14. This was followed by Refinery (10.15%), Petrol (9.73%), LPG (9.28%) and Naphtha (6.50%).  
                             

Table 16.7 : CONSUMPTION OF SELECTED PETROLEUM PRODUCTS  

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch16.html






INDUSTRY-WISE OFF-TAKE OF NATURAL GAS

During 2013-14 consumption of natural gas increased at CAGR of 1.12% from 31.11 billion cubic metres to 34.64 billion cubic metres. The maximum use of Natural Gas is in fertilizers industry (32.56%) followed by power generation (31.02%) and 8.60% natural gas was used for domestic fuel . Industry wise off-take of natural gas shows that natural gas has been used both for Energy (59.42%) and Non-energy (40.58%) purposes. 
                                          

Table 16.8 : INDUSTRY-WISE OFF-TAKE OF NATURAL GAS

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch16.html






GROSS GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY IN UTILITIES AND NON-UTILITIES

The all India gross electricity generation from utilities, excluding that from the captive generating plants, was 6,23,819 Giga Watt-Hours (GWh) during 2005-06 . It rose to 1,022,614 GWh during 2013-14. The production of electricity from utilities has increased from 9,63,811 GWh during 2012-13 to 1,022,614 GWh during 2013-14, registering an annual growth rate of about 6.10%. Total Electricity generation in the country, from utilities and non-utilities taken together during 2013-14 was 11,79,256 GWh. Out of this 8,53,683 GWh was generated from thermal and 1,34,731 GWh was from hydro and 34,200 GWh was generated from nuclear sources. Total output from non-utilities was 1,56,642 GWh.

Table 16.9 : GROSS GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY IN UTILITIES AND NON-UTILITIES

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch16.html






CONSUMPTION OF ELECTRICITY (FROM UTILITY) BY SECTORS

The estimated electricity consumption increased from 4,11,887 GWh during 2005-06 to 882,592 GWh during 2013-14, showing a CAGR of 8.84%. The increase in electricity consumption is 7.07% from 2012-13 (824,301GWh) to 2013-14 .Of the total consumption of electricity in 2013-14, industry sector accounted for the largest share (43.83%), followed by domestic (22.46%), agriculture (18.03%) and commercial sectors (8.72%).

Table 16.10 :  CONSUMPTION OF ELECTRICITY (FROM UTILITY) BY SECTORS 

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch16.html






ELECTRICITY GENERATED (FROM UTILITIES), DISTRIBUTED, SOLD AND LOST

The all India gross electricity generation from utilities, excluding that from the captive generating plants, was 6,23,819 Giga Watt-Hours (GWh) during 2005-06 . It rose to 1,022,614 GWh during 2013-14. The production of electricity from utilities has increased from 9,63,811 GWh during 2012-13 to 1,022,614 GWh during 2013-14, registering an annual growth rate of about 6.10%. Total Electricity generation in the country, from utilities and non-utilities taken together during 2013-14 was 11,79,256 GWh. Out of this 8,53,683 GWh was generated from thermal and 1,34,731 GWh was from hydro and 34,200 GWh was generated from nuclear sources. Total output from non-utilities was 1,56,642 GWh. In India, loss of electricity due to transmission has increased from 17.5 % during 1970-71 to 34% during 2001-02 and decreased on the average(with some fluctuations) thereafter to 30.4 percent in 2005-06, 24.5 % in 2012-13 and 23% in 2013-14(p) . Transmission and distribution losses are much lower in US (6.8%), China (6.5%) etc and even the world average (9.8%) is much lower compared to India as per the available data for 2010.   
 

Table 16.11 :  ELECTRICITY GENERATED (FROM UTILITIES), DISTRIBUTED, SOLD AND LOST       

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch16.html






ELECTRICITY-INSTALLED CAPACITY, GENERATION AND CONSUMPTION

Total Electricity generation in the country, from utilities and non-utilities taken together during 2013-14 was 11,79,256 GWh. Out of this 8,53,683 GWh was generated from thermal and 1,34,731 GWh was from hydro and 34,200 GWh was generated from nuclear sources.      

Table 16.12: ELECTRICITY-INSTALLED CAPACITY, GENERATION AND CONSUMPTION

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch16.html






ELECTRICITY SOLD TO ULTIMATE CONSUMERS

Total Electricity sold to the ultimate Consumers during 2012-13 was 708843.39 GWh. & for 2013-14 provisional it was 742088.9465 GWh. Out of which 198004.43 was sold to domestic Consumer & 75200.54 GWh to Commercial, 8475.52 GWh for public Lightimg & 152362.01 GWh for Agriculture Uses.   


Table 16.13: ELECTRICITY SOLD TO ULTIMATE CONSUMERS   

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch16.html






NUMBER OF TOWNS AND VILLAGES ELECTRIFIED IN INDIA

As India walks the path of growth enormous burden due to subsidies, especially in rural Sector coolking gas diesel etc, higher T & D losses, Power theft Etc added to the Woes in view of the already existing supply side constraints. In past few years, issues over mining, coal block allocation etc have furher aggravated the problem, consequently  the energy situation has worsen in some state like Uttar Pardesh where as some other like Gujarat have managed a turn around. However more village have been electrified as per 2011 census. As per Year  2013-14 (Provisional Data) 26286 Village in Andhra Pradesh were electrified whereas in Arunachal Pradesh 3586 Villages were electrified out of 5258 i.e. 68.2% of total & also minimum compared top all other electrified village among all states.                                                       

Table 16.14: NUMBER OF TOWNS AND VILLAGES ELECTRIFIED IN INDIA      

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch16.html






STATEWISE AND SOURCEWISE INSTALLED CAPACITY OF GRID INTERACTIVE RENEWABLE POWER   

The Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission envisages establishing India as a global leader in solar Energy. An ambitious target of 20,000 MW of solar Power by the year2022 has been set under the mission. Hydroelectricity provide an alternative in hilly state in Himachal Pradesh 723.91 MW small hydro power plant has been installed till 31-3-2015. Where as in Jammu & Kashmir 156.53 MW small hydro power plant has been installed till 31-3-2015. In Karnataka total small hydro power plant installed capacity is 1129.73 MW which is highest among all states till 31-3-2015. 
              

Table 16.15: STAEWISE AND SOURECEWISE INSTALLED CAPACITY OF GRID INTERACTIVE RENEWABLE   POWER

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch16.html






INSTALLATION OF OFF-GRID/DECENTRALISED RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS/DEVICES

Installation of off-grid/decentralised renewable energy systems/devices in Andhra Pradesh there are total 532311 Biogas Plants, 613 Solar Photovoltaic & 22914 Biomass Gasifiers were installed till 2014-15 whereas there is no installation of Water Pumping Wind Mills in the state. Andaman & Nicobar  installed total 137 Biogas Plants, 5 Solar Photovoltaic with no number of Biomass gasifiers & water Pumping wind mills.      

 

Table 16.16 : INSTALLATION OF OFF-GRID/DECENTRALISED RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS/DEVICES 

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch16.html