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| Last Updated:: 06/05/2016

Livestock And Fishery

 

 

 

LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES

India has vast resource of livestock and poultry. As per Annual Report 2014-15 Department of Animal Husbandry Dairying & Fisheries, the Gross Value Added from livestock sector at current prices was about R4,06,035 crore during 2013-14 which is about 21.58% of the Gross Value Added from total agriculture, forestry and fishing sector at current prices and 22.75% at constant prices (2011-12) whereas it contributed about 3.88% of total Gross Value added of the Country at current prices and about 3.92% at constant prices (2011-12). In addition, the fishery sector contributed about 0.92% to the overall Gross Value Added (GVA) and 5.58% of the agricultural GVA at current prices for the year 2013-14.

 

 

NUMBER OF LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY

The Livestock Sector expanded by 5.5% during 2013-14 against the total agriculture, forestry and fishing sectors growth of 3.7% during the same period at 2011-12 prices. During 2013-14, fish export aggregated to 9,83,756 tonnes in volume and was valued at R30,213 crore India is the second largest producer of fish and also second largest producer of fresh water fish in the world. India had a share of 5.68 % of the global total during 2011, as per FAO statistics and the sector .As per Handbook on Fishery Statistics 2014, the fisheries sector is a source of livelihood for over 14.49 million people engaged fully, partially or in subsidiary activities related to the sector. Besides, an equal population is engaged in ancillary activities in fisheries and aquaculture whereas total number of workers in farming of animals is 20.5 millions as per usual status (principal status plus subsidiaries status irrespective their principal activity status), NSSO 66th Round (July 2009-June 2010).

Table 10.1-NUMBER OF LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY       

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch10.html

 

 

 

INCIDENCE OF LIVESTOCK DISEASES IN INDIA

 

Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, is a State subject, the emphasis of the Central Government has been on supplementing efforts of the State Governments in the development of these sectors. Central Government is providing assistance to the State Governments for the control of animal diseases, scientific management and up gradation of genetic resources, increasing availability of nutritious feed and fodder, sustainable development of processing and marketing facilities and enhancement of production and profitability of livestock and fisheries enterprises. The State Governments/Union Territories are advised in the formulation of policies and programmes in the field of animal husbandry, dairy development and fisheries. Main focus of the activities is on (a) development of requisite infrastructure in States/UTs for improving animal productivity (b) preservation and protection of livestock through provision of livestock health care (c) strengthening of central livestock farms and (d) expansion of aquaculture in fresh /brackish water and welfare of fisher folk, etc.

                                                                
Table 10.2-INCIDENCE OF LIVESTOCK DISEASES IN INDIA 

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch10.html

 

 

 

 

  ADULT MALE CATTLE AND BUFFALO WITH THEIR USE

As per 19th Livestock Census 2012, the total livestock population consisting of

 

 

 

 

cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, pig, horses & ponies, mules, donkeys, camels, mithun and yak in the country is 512.05 million numbers in 2012. The total livestock population has decreased by about 3.33% over the previous census. Livestock population has increased substantially in Gujarat (15.36%), Uttar Pradesh (14.01%), Assam (10.77%), Punjab (9.57%) Bihar (8.56%); Sikkim (7.96%), Meghalaya (7.41%), and Chhattisgarh (4.34%). The total bovine population (Cattle, Buffalo, Mithun and Yak) was 299.9 million numbers in 2012 which shows a decline of 1.57% over previous census. The number of milch animals (in-milk and dry) in cows and buffaloes has increased from 111.09 million to 118.59 million, an increase of 6.75%. There were 65.06 million sheep in the country during 2012, a decline of about 9.07% over census 2007 whereas the Goat population has declined by 3.82% over the previous census and the total Goat in the country was 135.17 million numbers in 2012. The total pigs in the country have also decreased by 7.54% over the previous census and there were 10.29 million pigs during 2012. Horses & ponies population, on the other hand has increased by 2.08% over the previous census with about 0.62 million numbers in 2012. Camel population has decreased by 22.48% since previous census and it stood at 0.4 million in 2012. The total poultry population in the country has increased by 12.39% over the previous census and the total poultry in the country was 729.2 million numbers in 2012.

                                          
Table 10.3 - ADULT MALE CATTLE AND BUFFALO WITH THEIR USE     

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch10.html

 

 

 

PRODUCTION OF MILK   

Animal Husbandry sector provides large self-employment opportunities. This sector play a significant role in supplementing family incomes and generating gainful employment in the rural sector, particularly among the landless laborers, small and marginal farmers and women, besides providing cheap nutritional food to millions of people. The Animal Husbandry sector not only provides essential proteins and nutritious human diet through milk, eggs, meat, etc. but also plays an important role in utilization of non-edible agricultural by-products. Livestock also provides raw material byproducts such as hides and skins, blood, bone, fat, etc. Livestock are the best insurance against the vagaries of nature like drought, famine and other natural calamities.

 

Table 10.4 (A)-PRODUCTION OF MILK   

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch10.html

 

 

 

PRODUCTION OF WOOL AND EGGS

Unlike other livestock products wool production does not indicate any systematic trend over the years whereas meat production, in consonance with other major livestock products, shows monotonically increasing trend. Wool production during 2014-15 was estimated at about 48.1 thousand tonnes with Rajasthan being the leading producer (14.5 thousand tonnes) accounting for about a third (30%) of total production. J&K and Karnataka were other important wool producing states with about 17 & 18 % contribution respectively. Wool production during 2013-14 was 47.9 thousand tonnes.

 

    Table 10.5-PRODUCTION OF  WOOL AND EGGS

    Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch10.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

FISH CATCH & LANDINGS-BY GROUP OF SPECIES

Fishery provides for cheap and nutritious food besides being a foreign exchange earner. Most importantly, it is the source of livelihood for a large section of economically backward population of the country, particularly in the coastal state. Inedible Fish is also a rich source of animal protein for livestock feeding. Fish scales, fishery waste are also a source of organic manure.                                                    

Table 10.6-FISH CATCH & LANDINGS-BY GROUP OF SPECIES        

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch10.html


 

 

 

QUANTITY OF FISH CATCH  BY DISPOSITION

As per Annual Report 2014-15, DAHD&F, fish production has increased significantly from the level of 0.75 million tonnes in 1950-51 to 9.58 million tonnes in 1832 21101 36632 63024 5 25 36 53 0 20000 40000 60000 80000 1950-51 1990-91 2000-01 2010-11 Egg Production(Million Numbers) Per Capita Availability (Numbers per annum) 47.9 44.9 43 46.1 47.9 1.9 2.3 4.9 5.9 6.2 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1999-2000 2005-06 2010-11 2012-13 2013-14 Wool Production(thousand tonnes) Meat Production(Million Tonnes) 2013-14 comprising 3.44 million tonnes from marine and 6.14 million tonnes from inland resources. Till 1999-2000 share of marine fish in total fish production was more . However, in 2000-01 Inland fish production surpassed marine production for the first time and it presently accounts for little less than two thirds of the total fish production. During 2013-14, 983.76 thousand tonnes of fisheries products worth Rs 30213 Cr were exported.

Table 10.7-QUANTITY  OF FISH CATCH  BY DISPOSITION    

Source: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch10.html