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| Last Updated:: 29/08/2016

Local Bodies

 

 

 

 

LOCAL BODIES


Local bodies are institutions of the local self governance, which look after the administration of an area or small community such as villages, towns, or cities. The Local bodies in India are broadly classified into two categories. The local bodies constituted for local planning, development and administration in the rural areas are referred as Rural Local Bodies (Panchayats) and the local bodies, which are constituted for local planning, development and administration in the urban areas are referred as Urban Local Bodies (Municipalities).

 

INCOME AND EXPENDITURE OF CORPORATIONS
To keep an account of Income and Expenditure of Panchayati Raj database formats for PRIs at the district and state levels suggested by CAG has been accepted by Ministry of Panchayati Raj and NIC has been entrusted to develop input screens on the Ministry’s portal and link this to all states for uploading of state-wise data.

 

Table 42.1-INCOME AND EXPENDITURE OF CORPORATIONS

 

Source:-  http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch42.html






NUMBER OF DISTRICTS/DRDAs/BLOCKS/VILLAGES IN THE COUNTRY
The Ministry of Panchayati Raj was set up primarily to oversee the
implementation of Part IX of the Constitution, inserted by the
Constitution (73r Amendment) Act, 1992, the Panchayats Extension to the
Scheduled Areas Act, 1996 (PESA), and Article 243ZD of Part IX-A relating to
District Planning Committees. Although the Panchayats have historically
been an integral part of rural life in India, these Acts have institutionalized
the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) at the village, intermediate, and district
levels as the third tier of government. The aim has been to combine social
justice with effective local governance, with an emphasis on reservation of seats
for the deprived classes of population, including of the leadership positions.

 

As per Devolution Index Report 2013-14, brought out by Indian Institute of Public Administration, IIPA there were 240542 village panchayats, 6332 intermediate panchayats & 593 district panchayats as on 1st March 2014. Following figure indicates growth in the number of panchayats over 2001.


Table 42.2-NUMBER OF DISTRICTS/DRDAs/BLOCKS/VILLAGES IN THE
COUNTRY


Source:-  http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch42.html

 

 

 

 

 

NUMBER OF PANCHAYATI RAJ INSTITUTIONS AND ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES
Article 243D of the Constitution makes the provision for reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in every Panchayat. The Seats are reserved for the Scheduled 227590 5906 474 240542 6332 593 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 300000 Village Panchayats Intermediate Panchayats District Panchayats 2001 2014 Number of Pachayati Raj Institutions in India Castes and Scheduled Tribes in every Panchayat and the number of seats of reserved shall bear, as nearly as may be, the same proportion to the total number of seats to be filled by direct election in that Panchayat as the population of the Scheduled Castes in that Panchayat area or of the Scheduled Tribes in that Panchayat area bears to the total population of that area and such seats may be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in a Panchayat. Same rule is also applied for the reservation of offices of the chairpersons at each level of the panchayats. There is also provision for reservation of the seats including offices of the chairpersons for the women of each category. The number of offices reserved for the chairperson is allotted by rotation to different Panchayats at each level. State may also provide the reservation of the seats in any Panchayat or offices of Chairperson to backward class of citizen’s s by their legislation.

 

 

 

TABLE 42.3-NUMBER OF PANCHAYATI RAJ INSTITUTIONS AND ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES

 
 Source:-http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch42.html

 

 

 

NUMBER OF ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES OF PANCHAYATI RAJ  INSTITUTIONS
As per Devolution Index Report 2013- 14, brought out by Indian Institute of Public Administration, IIPA, Panchayati Raj System was yet to be revived in NCT of Delhi whereas Meghalaya Mizoram & Nagaland had traditional gram and autonomous district councils in place of village, intermediate & district Panchayats. Goa, Manipur, Sikkim, D& N Haveli, daman & Diu and Lakshadweep did not have intermediate Panchayat as only 2 Tier system was in place.

 

 

TABLE 42.4-NUMBER OF ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES OF PANCHAYATI RAJ  INSTITUTIONS

 

  Source:- http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/SYB2016/ch42.html